We recently did some research into hazards related to the Dry cleaning industry and wanted to share our summary findings in this blog post and hope that you find the information helpful.
Below is a list of common OSHA standards that may be triggered at a dry cleaning facility, depending upon the equipment and work activities.
We have included notes to help clarify each issue.
|Potential OSHA Standards||Notes|
|Air Monitoring||Depending on the High Flash solvent in use, there may be PEL limits. Research shows there is potential exposure during Exposures occur during loading/unloading machines and pressing activities|
|Respirator program||Depending on sampling results. Includes written program, selection, training and fit testing. Does not include medical survelliance|
|PPE Assessments||Depending on the tasks. There are various high risks, especially to solvent exposures identified in the industry|
|Ergonomics||Identified issue in the industry. Assessments and report on various high risk ergonomic tasks|
|Hazard Communication||All dry cleaners use chemicals, so Hazcom is always applicable. Need written procedures, labeling system and employee training|
|Bloodborne Pathogen||Depending on if they knowing handle blood or OPIM contaminated clothing, or need process for identifying and handling the same|
|LOTO program and training||Program development and training|
|LOTO Procedures||Per piece of equipment that requires a LOTO procedure. Estimate is based on 12 pieces of equipment. Not just washers/dryers but other equipment that may fall under the standard|
|Fire prevention/Fire ext||With high flash solvents, may be needed. Written program and training|
|Emergency Action Plan||Written plans and training|
|Forklift||Only if applicable|
|Loading docks/pallet jacks||Only if applicable|
|Hoists/mechanical handling||Only if applicable|
|Machine guarding/Tool use||Related to any mechanical handling such as bagging, hanging, pressing, repairs/alterations, etc|
Other notes and findings:
For facilities that use High Flash solvents, OSHA does have Permissible Exposure Limits (PELs). Studies showed that exposures mainly occur during load/unloading machines. Air sampling would be needed depending on the chemicals they are using. If overexposed, then Respiratory would kick in.
Bloodborne Pathogens program may be needed if they clean clothing that could have blood or Other Potentially Infectious Materials (OPIM). This would be focused on hospitals, medical or dental clinics, police or EMS services. If so, a Bloodborne Pathogen program would be required. There are two LOI’s related to this topic for dry cleaners.
Ergonomics is another issue that was discussed in the research, especially during loading and unloading of machines in large facilities.
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